Saxon Expansion in Britain

A.D 457
King Vortigern officially establishes the lands of Essex, Wessex, Kent and Sussex, giving them to the Saxon tribes he invited to Britain in order to help him suppress the realm. The words “Essex,” “Wessex” and “Sussex” have their root in Old English, meaning “East Saxons,” “West Saxons” and “South Saxons” respectively. After Arthur conquers the Saxon lands, Wessex will be renamed “Hampshire.”

Wessex (i.e., Hampshire) established as a kingdom, but one of the many kingdoms which recognizes the authority of the King Vortigern. It’s capital was considered Hantonne (i.e., Southampton) although later in time the capital will be Camelot (of course).

Essex established as an earldom (i.e. the Saxon name for a county). Its capital is Colchester (indeed, this was once the capital of Roman Britain). After the conquest of Arthur, it will once more be considered a county, although the ruler will still be called an earl.

Sussex established as an earldom (see the above commentary on “Essex”). Its capital is Pevensey.

Kent established as an earldom (see the above commentary on “Essex”). The Norsemen who populated this area (under the reign of Vortigern) were actually Jutes. Its capital is Canterbury.

A.D. 495
King Cerdic, the son of Vortigern and Rowena (daughter of the Saxon chieftain known as Hengest), lands with a Saxon army and seizes Wessex.

A.D. 496
The following rumor was given to the party during Session 2:
“(The Saxon kings Octa and Eosa) have sent a team of warriors across the channel and to the icy land of Frisia. It seems there is some sort of Saxon relic of great supernatural power that they desire. If they get it, they will use it to help them conquer all of Britain!”

During this year, a tribe of Jutes lead by Earl Bergheard invades the Isle of Wight. Bergheard pledges allegiance to King Cerdic of Wessex who, in turn, recognizes the Isle of Wight to be an earldom. Carisbrooke serves as its capital.

A.D. 500
Angles invade the British realm of Icini and it quickly becomes known informally as Anglia.

A.D. 501
Taking advantage of the success of the Jute incursion of southern Britain, a Saxon chieftain named Port successfully leads an invasion of Southports. He becomes a vassal of King Cerdic, who, in turn, declares him to be an earl with Southports being his earldom. Earl Port has two sons, Bieda and Maegla.

In recent years, a section of eastern Britain has been informally referred to as Anglia due to some immigration there by the Angels.

The Saxon kings Octa and Eosa believe that the Saxon occupation of southeast Britain is now stable, and they carve out territory for themselves. Octa declares himself the King of Essex, and it is said that he has an enchanted war drum which assists his troops in battle. Could this be the relic referred to in the rumor of A.D. 496?

Octa decrees that what was once only informally referred to as Anglia (and Icini before that) is now officially to be known as the Duchy of Anglia. He appoints an Angle war chief known as Derman to be its duke. As to be expected, Duke Derman recognizes King Octa as his liege lord. The capital of Anglia is Norwich.

Eosa declares himself to be the King of Sussex.

The Jutes of Kent swear allegiance to Eosa. Eosa appoints a Jute war chief named Cynfrith to be its earl.

The Jutes of the Isle of Wight swear allegiance to King Port. The Isle of Wight is now considered to be an earldom with a Jute known as Burgheard being its earl.

For more information, see " History of Legendary Britain."

Saxon Expansion in Britain

The Huntington Campaign Celtic_Cleric